Original Research

Approaches for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV services during coronavirus disease 2019

Livhuwani Tshivhase, Florence M.Q. Setshedi, Idah Moyo
Health SA Gesondheid | Vol 29 | a2553 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hsag.v29i0.2553 | © 2024 Livhuwani Tshivhase, Florence M.Q. Setshedi, Idah Moyo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 November 2023 | Published: 10 May 2024

About the author(s)

Livhuwani Tshivhase, Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa
Florence M.Q. Setshedi, Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa
Idah Moyo, epartment of HIV Services, Populations Solutions for Health, Harare, Zimbabwe; and, Department of Health Studies, College of Human Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa

Abstract

Background: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, there was a reduction in access to prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) services globally, yet this programme is critical for reducing paediatric HIV incidence. To minimise the impact of COVID-19 and prevent disruptions to the PMTCT service provision, innovative strategies had to be developed and implemented.

Aim: The study aimed to describe the approaches that were developed and utilised during the COVID-19 pandemic in enhancing PMTCT services in Tshwane primary healthcare facilities.

Settings: Three primary healthcare facilities that were providing PMTCT services during the COVID-19 pandemic located in the Tshwane district, Gauteng province, South Africa.

Methods: The study is part of a larger study that focused on the experiences of healthcare workers who were rendering PMTCT services during the COVID-19 pandemic. An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) design was employed to gain insight into the experiences of 16 purposively sampled healthcare workers who were providing PMTCT services during the pandemic in Tshwane district facilities. In-depth individual audio-recorded interviews were conducted with study participants, following a semi-structured interview guide. Data analysis was performed using an IPA framework.

Results: Three superordinate themes emerged: strategies utilised for providing care, community-based initiatives, and support systems to enhance the PMTCT service access.

Conclusion: Strengthening community-based initiatives and support systems is important for the enhancement of the PMTCT programme during and beyond the pandemic.

Contribution: Community-based initiatives are critical in continuity of PMTCT services, reducing HIV incidence, under-five child morbidity and mortality particularly during emergency situations.

 


Keywords

approaches; COVID-19; HIV; innovative; Interpretive phenomenological; PMTCT services

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 3: Good health and well-being

Metrics

Total abstract views: 193
Total article views: 139


Crossref Citations

No related citations found.