Original Research

Facilitation of the mental health of adolescents abusing substances: A concept analysis

Tinyiko N. Rikhotso, Mary Maluleke, Ndidzulafhi S. Raliphaswa, Thingahangwi C. Masutha, Mphedziseni E. Rangwaneni
Health SA Gesondheid | Vol 29 | a2343 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hsag.v29i0.2343 | © 2024 Tinyiko Nelly Rikhotso, Mary Maluleke, Ndidzulaphi Selinah Raliphaswa, Thingahangwi Cecilia Masutha, Mphedziseni Esther Rangwaneni | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 31 January 2023 | Published: 27 February 2024

About the author(s)

Tinyiko N. Rikhotso, Department of Advanced Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa; and Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
Mary Maluleke, Department of Advanced Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa
Ndidzulafhi S. Raliphaswa, Department of Advanced Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa
Thingahangwi C. Masutha, Department of Advanced Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa
Mphedziseni E. Rangwaneni, Department of Advanced Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa

Abstract

Background: The use and abuse of substances, especially among the youth, continues to be of serious concern within the international community. This behaviour affects them as individuals, their families, the community in which they live, and society at large. Findings from a study conducted by the researcher indicate that adolescents who abuse substances experience a range of emotional, physical, academic and social setbacks, and challenges. Ultimately, the mental health of these adolescents is affected.

Aim: The study aims to identify and define the central concept ‘facilitation of mental health’ of adolescents abusing substances.

Setting: The researcher’s minor dissertation, whereby the lived experiences of adolescents abusing substances were explored. The basic elements, structure and functions were examined and analysed.

Methods: The concept’s basic elements, structure and functions were examined, followed by an analysis and reasoning strategies to define the central concept. The process was implemented over two phases.

Results: The central concept ‘facilitation of mental health’ of adolescents abusing substances was identified and defined using dictionary and subject definitions.

Conclusion: The identification and definition of the central concept is an important part of developing a model as a frame of reference for psychiatric nurses to facilitate the mental health of adolescents abusing substances.

Contribution: The findings of the study would assist in the development of a model as a frame of reference for psychiatric nurses to facilitate the mental health of adolescents abusing substances.


Keywords

concept analysis; facilitation; adolescents; substance abuse; mental health

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 3: Good health and well-being

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