Original Research

Contributory factors related to patient safety incidence: A nursing perspective

Gifty Adu, Sibusiso Zuma
Health SA Gesondheid | Vol 29 | a2296 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hsag.v29i0.2296 | © 2024 Gifty Adu, Sibusiso M. Zuma | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 December 2022 | Published: 06 May 2024

About the author(s)

Gifty Adu, Department of Health Studies, School of Social Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Sibusiso Zuma, Department of Health Studies, School of Social Sciences, University of South Africa, Pretoria


Background: There are growing concerns about patient safety and quality assurance enhancement in the healthcare setting because of the increase in the incidence of patient harm and adverse events over the years.

Aim: This study explored the contributory factors associated with patient safety practices.

Setting: The study was conducted in two private hospitals in Gauteng province, South Africa.

Methods: A qualitative approach was used to gain an in-depth understanding of the issues pertaining to patient safety incidence. Purposive sampling was used to select professional nurses practicing within the two private hospitals. Thematic analysis was used. The study utilised the Donabedian model of patient safety and quality.

Results: The study revealed that majority of the professional nurses did not understand the concept of patient safety; there was poor communication between the multidisciplinary team. There was poor adherence to patient safety policies.

Conclusion: Patient safety issues remain an issue of concern in public health. There is a need for nurses to be capacitated on the implementation of patient safety programmes as well as improving communication within the multidisciplinary team. Identifying and addressing risk and contributory factors will help reduce the global burden of patient harm.

Contribution: The study has presented the challenges as seen with patient safety and made recommendations on how to improve patient safety from the nursing perspective. It is anticipated that the results of this study may be used to create awareness on patient safety issues. This should promote a good healthcare climate in private healthcare institutions.


contributory factors; healthcare; knowledge; patient safety; professional nurse; safety practices

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 3: Good health and well-being


Total abstract views: 237
Total article views: 185

Crossref Citations

No related citations found.