Review Article

Obstetric ultrasound training programmes for midwives: A scoping review

Yasmin Casmod, Susan J. Armstrong
Health SA Gesondheid | Vol 28 | a2163 | DOI: | © 2023 Yasmin Casmod, Susan J. Armstrong | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 September 2022 | Published: 27 January 2023

About the author(s)

Yasmin Casmod, Department of Nursing Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; and, Department of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
Susan J. Armstrong, Department of Nursing Education, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa


Background: Antenatal care is essential for all expectant mothers and assists in reducing maternal mortality rates thus addressing the Sustainable Development Goal 3. Obstetric ultrasound complements antenatal care and is used in pregnancy to identify and monitor high-risk pregnancies. However, disparities exist and in low- and middle-income countries, ultrasound services are not readily available. This contributes to maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality within these populations. Short ultrasound training programmes for midwives can be beneficial in alleviating some of the challenges experienced.

Aim: The aim of this scoping review was to identify global ultrasound education programmes for midwives.

Method: Articles containing suitable keywords were retrieved from databases suitable to nursing, education and ultrasound. Themes were developed based on the articles included in the review.

Results: A total of 238 articles were identified, and after the duplicates and irrelevant studies were removed, 22 articles were included. Articles were analysed and discussed under the identified themes and categories.

Conclusion: It is essential that sufficient training is provided to medical professionals performing obstetric ultrasound so that adequate and safe care is offered to expectant mothers. With the introduction of ultrasound in low-resource settings, the knowledge of safety and competencies required to operate the equipment necessitate adequate training. Developed programmes have been found to meet the demands of the ever-changing workforce and allow for midwives to perform focused obstetric ultrasound examinations.

Contribution: This scoping review highlighted ultrasound training programmes for midwives and provided guidance on the development of future midwifery ultrasound training programmes.


midwives; obstetric ultrasound; antenatal care; education; training

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 3: Good health and well-being


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Crossref Citations

1. Comparison Between the Written Obstetric Ultrasound Reports of Qualified Sonographers and Imaging Radiographers at a Tertiary Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia
N Gwaba, M Ngulube, O Hachinene
South African Radiographer  vol: 61  issue: 2  first page: 27  year: 2023  
doi: 10.54450/saradio.2023.61.2.751