Original Research

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of nurses regarding maternal nutrition in pregnant women at a large hospital and filter clinics, Lesotho

Tsiame M. Mekhoa, Nomaxabiso M. Mooi, Olivia B. Baloyi
Health SA Gesondheid | Vol 27 | a1768 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hsag.v27i0.1768 | © 2022 Tsiame M. Mekhoa, Nomaxabiso M. Mooi, Olivia B. Baloyi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 07 August 2021 | Published: 14 February 2022

About the author(s)

Tsiame M. Mekhoa, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Walter Sisulu University, Mthatha, South Africa
Nomaxabiso M. Mooi, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Walter Sisulu University, Mthatha, South Africa
Olivia B. Baloyi, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: Adequate nutritional knowledge, positive attitudes, and good practices of nurses regarding maternal nutrition of women during pregnancy are fundamental for maternal and foetal well-being.

Aim: This study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of nurses regarding maternal nutrition in pregnant women.

Setting: A large hospital and its filter clinics in Lesotho.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional research design was used for this study. The data were collected from 120 nurses working in the reproductive health department of a large hospital and filter clinics, using a self-administered questionnaire. The research was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.

Results: The nurses showed good knowledge and practices, and positive attitudes regarding maternal nutrition, 88.3%, 99.2% and 62.5%, respectively. There was a significant relationship between attitude and practice, with a correlation coefficient of r = 296, n = 120, and p = 0.001.

Conclusion: The results of this study show that nurses’ practices were associated with their attitudes regarding maternal nutrition, meaning their attitudes regarding maternal knowledge transcends their related knowledge.

Contribution: The study contributes to the body of literature about the knowledge, attitudes and practices of nurses related to maternal nutrition. It has the potential to lead to the betterment of nursing care, which in turn results in improved pregnancy outcomes in women.


Keywords

attitude; filter clinics; knowledge; large hospital; maternal nutrition; nurses; practices

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