Original Research

Self-management of persons living with diabetes mellitus type 2: Experiences of diabetes nurse educators

Coleen O'Brien, Dalena van Rooyen, Esmeralda Ricks
Health SA Gesondheid | Vol 25 | a1381 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hsag.v25i0.1381 | © 2020 Coleen O’Brien, Dalena van Rooyen, Esmeralda Ricks | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 November 2019 | Published: 17 November 2020

About the author(s)

Coleen O'Brien, Day Clinic/Gastroenterology Unit, Greenacres Hospital, Port Elizabeth, South Africa; and, Faculty of Health Sciences, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa
Dalena van Rooyen, Faculty of Health Sciences, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa
Esmeralda Ricks, Faculty of Health Sciences, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: The global pandemic of diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) is the direct cause of significant health and economic problems for both governments and individuals owing to the high level of morbidity and mortality. South Africa has the second highest incidence of DM2 in sub-Saharan Africa.

Aim: This article describes the experiences of diabetes nurse educators in relation to self-management of DM2 of persons living with DM2.

Setting: This article involves nurse educators working in diabetes clinics in public and private hospitals in Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality, South Africa.

Methods: A semi-structured interview guide was used to collect data from a focus group interview comprising three participants and two individual interviews. The interviews were recorded with the permission of participants, transcribed and then coded using Tesch’s model of data analysis. Themes were agreed upon with the consensus of the researcher, two supervisors and an independent coder.

Results: Three themes were identified: (1) diabetes nurse educators have clear perceptions about the importance of self-management of DM2 of persons living with DM2, (2) there are factors that affect persons living with DM2 with respect to self-management and (3) there are ways in which professional nurses can assist persons living with DM2 in the self-management of their condition.

Conclusion: This article identified factors that diabetes nurse educators experienced in either assisting or hindering patients in self-management of their DM2. The diabetes nurse educators voiced their views on how professional nurses can provide support to the patients living with DM2.


Keywords

diabetes nurse educators; experiences; diabetes mellitus type 2; patient education; self-management

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