Original Research

Effect of personal and work stress on burnout, job satisfaction and general health of hospital nurses in South Africa

Natasha Khamisa, Karl Peltzer, Dragan Ilic, Brian Oldenburg
Health SA Gesondheid | Vol 22 | a1011 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hsag.v22i0.1011 | © 2017 Natasha Khamisa, Karl Peltzer, Dragan Ilic, Brian Oldenburg | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 October 2017 | Published: 10 October 2017

About the author(s)

Natasha Khamisa, Department of Public Health, School of Health Sciences, Monash South Africa, South Africa
Karl Peltzer, Department of Psychology, University of Free State; ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Thailand; HIV/AIDS/STIS and TB Research Unit (HAST), Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa
Dragan Ilic, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Australia
Brian Oldenburg, School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Australia

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Abstract

The majority of studies to date have focused on the effects of work stress in the nursing environment, with the effect of personal stress in nursing being less explored. This study sought to determine whether personal stress is a more significant predictor of burnout, job satisfaction and general health than work stress. Of the 1200 nurses randomly selected to participate in the study, 895 agreed to complete six questionnaires over 3 weeks. Data was analysed using hierarchical multiple linear regression. Findings revealed that personal stress is a better predictor of burnout and general health than job satisfaction, which is better predicted by work stress. The findings of this study could inform potential solutions to reduce the impact of personal and work stress on burnout, job satisfaction and general health. Coping strategies and staffing strategies need to be evaluated within developing contexts such as South Africa to as certain their effectiveness.

Keywords

Burnout; General health; Job satisfaction; Nurses; Personal stress; Work stress

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